Jean Bélanger

Real-Time Simulation of Averaged Models of Power Converters, Part. 1

Publication date : Oct 2000
Paper File : power_converter_1.pdf



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Author(s)

Nicolas Léchevin, Jean Bélanger, Guillaume Murere,

Abstract

This application note (Part 1) explains that in rapid control prototyping of power converter systems, real-time simulation of power-converter and controller models is highly desirable.

Real-Time Simulation of a Complete PMSM Drive a 10 µs Time-Step

Publication date : Feb 2005
Paper File : 2005_IPEC_MelcoPMSMDriveSim_10us.pdf



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Author(s)

Tetsuaki Nagano, Simon Abourida, Masaya Harakawa, Jean Bélanger, Hisanori Yamasaki, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

This paper presents a description and results of the fastest-ever-reported, PC-based real-time (RT) simulator of an AC drive. The RT simulator is used to simulate a complete PMSM drive circuit in a Hardware-In-The-Loop (HIL) application. This consists of a PMSM fed by a 3-phase IGBT inverter, a DC link capacitor and a 3-phase diode bridge. This drive model runs on RT-LAB electric drive simulator and is connected to an external controller by analog and digital inputs and outputs for closed loop operation. The main innovation in this work is that the real-time simulation cycle is as low as 10 μs, which constitutes –to our knowledge- the shortest RT simulation time step ever reported for electric drives with this level of details in modeling the drive circuit.

Real-time Simulation of a 48-Pulse GTO STATCOM Compensated Power System on a Dual-Xeon PC using RT-LAB

Publication date : May 2005
Paper File : ipst05paperv6.pdf



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Author(s)

Jean Bélanger, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

This paper reports on the real-time simulation of a 48-pulse GTO STATCOM static compensator with RT-LAB Electrical System Simulator using Linux PC-based, multi-processor technology. The power system has 3 buses and 3 transmission lines and is modeled with SimPowerSystems blockset for Simulink and specialized GTO models that provide an effective method to handle the large number of switches in the STATCOM. Using a 2.4 GHz Dual-Xeon PC running RedHawk™ Real-Time Linux®, the STATCOM and the power system are simulated in real-time with a time step of 36 µs. This paper demonstrates that modern and complex power electronic system controllers can be effectively tested and optimized using affordable and accurate real-time simulation technologies.

Real-Time PC-Based Simulator of Electric Systems and Drives

Publication date : Feb 2002
Paper File : apec2002_pc_simulator.pdf



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Author(s)

Simon Abourida, Nicolas Léchevin, Jean Bélanger, Guillaume Murere, Christian Dufour, Biao Yu,

Abstract

This paper presents a novel computer-based tool for real-time simulation and rapid control prototyping of power electronic systems and drives. The tool consists of innovative algorithmic software (ARTEMIS) for the fixed-time-step simulation of stiff electric circuits, and a real-time laboratory package (RT-LAB) for the execution of a Simulink block diagram and circuits over a cluster of PCs, for fully digital real-time simulation or hardware-in-the-loop applications.

Real-Time Digital Simulation and Control Laboratory for Distributed Power Electronic Generation and Distribution

Publication date : Nov 2005
Paper File : hsc2005.pdf



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Author(s)

Simon Abourida, Jean Bélanger, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

Complex power generation and distribution systems are needed on board spacecrafts, all electric warships, hybrid electric vehicles, distributed energy systems and other applications requiring compact, flexible autonomous energy generation systems. Several generators and complex active loads will be interconnected through power electronic distribution systems that must be designed to ensure voltage quality and system security under several normal and abnormal operating conditions.

Real-Time Closed-Loop Control of a 6-Pulse Rectifier with Switching-Event Compensation in Artemis

Publication date : Sep 2001
Paper File : app_ac_dc_converter.pdf



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Author(s)

Simon Abourida, Jean Bélanger, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

This short paper presents the results of testing ARTEMIS™ Advanced Real-Time Electro-Mechanical Transient Simulator on the simulation of a 6-pulse thyristor converter. The tests highlight the ARTEMIS Discrete-Time Compensation of Switching Events (DTCSE) and the RT-Events algorithms, showing that they yield faster and more precise fixed-time-step simulation of the power-system apparatus. This paper focuses on the open-loop characterization and the real-time closed-loop discrete control of a 6-pulse thyristor converter using the ARTEMIS DTCSE algorithm.

Real-Time and Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation of Electric Drives and Power Electronics: Process, Problems and Solutions

Publication date : Apr 2005
Paper File : 2005_ipec_hil_elec.pdf



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Author(s)

Christian Dufour, Jean Bélanger, Simon Abourida,

Abstract

This paper discusses Real-Time and Hardware-In-The Loop simulation used for the design and testing of electric drives and power electronic systems. A thorough overview of the design process involving the approach of real-time simulation and rapid prototyping is given along with an explanation of the difficulties and pitfalls encountered, and the solutions available and implemented in RT-LAB real-time electrical engineering simulator.

PC-Cluster-Based Real-Time Simulation of an 8-synchronous machine network with HVDC link using RT-LAB and TestDrive

Publication date : Jun 2007
Paper File : 2007_ipst_dualkundurhvdc_dufour.pdf



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Author(s)

Vincent Lapointe, Loic Schoen, Jean-Nicolas Paquin, Jean Bélanger, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

In this paper, we detail the real-time simulation results of a medium-sized network composed of 8 synchronous machines and an HVDC link. The model is composed of two Kundur-like 4 machines networks connected together with a 12-pulse HVDC link. The complete network is modeled with SimPowerSystems with ARTEMIS real-time plug-in and is simulated in real-time on a RT-LAB InfiniBand PC-cluster composed of 3 dual-CPU dual-core Opteron PCs. The network model includes the HVDC control and protection systems as well as the synchronous machine regulators and power stabilizers. It also includes typical fault simulation capability like HVDC DC faults, thyristor misfires and AC faults. This model is excellent to study the complex interactions between an HVDC link and AC network under normal and transient conditions. The real-time simulation is controlled and monitored with a TestDrive interface from Opal-RT. This interface, based on LabView, permits easy monitoring and control of the complete system and enables Python-based scripting for automated tests. The proposed simulator can be interfaced with external equipments and controllers by direct reconfiguration of a FPGA I/O card with Xilinx System Generator blockset.

Modern Hardware-In-the-Loop Simulation Technology for Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Publication date : Oct 2007
Paper File : vppc_paper_f.pdf



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Author(s)

Tetsuhiro Ishikawa, Simon Abourida, Jean Bélanger, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

This paper presents technologies designed for Hardware-In-the-Loop testing of modern motor drive systems commonly found in electric vehicles. Deliverable with the RT-LAB simulator comes various motor drive models with different precisions and complexities, from the basic Park two-axis machine models to detailed Finite-Element-Analysis based models. The former is more rapid while the latter is more precise. These models can be implemented on different hardwares, CPU or FPGA. CPU-based implementation rely on well-known ‘C’ code generation techniques and is rather flexible. FPGA implementation breaks through common limitations of CPU-based implementation by allowing much faster analog output rates, higher PWM frequencies and smaller model latencies. An FPGA implementation also allows the user to model fast protection schemes found on commercial drives (ex: over-current protections).

InfiniBand-Based Real-Time Simulation of HVDC, STATCOM and SVC Devices with Custom-Of-The-Shelf PCs and FPGAs

Publication date : May 2006
Paper File : hvdc_scv_isie06_final_paper.pdf



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Author(s)

Simon Abourida, Jean Bélanger, Christian Dufour,

Abstract

This paper presents a real-time simulator for large power network based on Custom-Of-The-Shelf technologies, all embedded in the RT-LAB real-time simulation platform. This platform uses Pentium, Xeon, Opteron-based PCs (multi-CPUs and/or dual-core configurations) or even Xilinx FPGA cards for computational engines and InfiniBand communication fabric for fast inter-PCs communications. The real-time PCs runs under well-known operating systems QNX or RedHawk Linux while the main user control interface is either Simulink or LabView. The paper demonstrates the real-time simulation of complete single-pole 12-pulse HVDC system on dual-CPU, dual-core 2.2 GHz Opteron PC under 15 microseconds time step. It also demonstrates the real-time simulation of complex power system devices like SVC, STATCOM and more general power systems like the Kundur network.

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