As a result of recommendations implemented following the 2003 Northeast blackout, synchrophasor technology with Phasor Measurement Units (PMU) has become the focus of Wide Area Monitoring, Protection and Control (WAMPAC) applications within the power system industry. The technology is currently being used to provide real-time system monitoring and post-event analysis capabilities, but provides enormous potential for the further improvement of reliability and security through Wide Area Protection and Control (WAPC). However, the industry remains hesitant to implement WAPC in the field due to the high costs of implementing standard-compliant PMUs and communication networks.
Similarly, academics budgets rarely match the high costs of buying and running multiple PMU arrangements. Real-time simulation with OPAL-RT opens the door to synchrophasor, WAMPAC R&D and testing that goes well beyond current availabilities, all at lower costs and without the risk of physical tests.